- Kährik, Anneli; Tammaru, Tiit (2008), Population composition in new suburban settlements of the Tallinn metropolitan area. Urban Studies, 45(5-6), 1055-1078. DOI:10.1177/0042098008089853
Abstract: Suburban settlements are in the process of quick change in the major metropolitan areas in central and eastern European transition countries, losing their agricultural character and developing into modern residential areas. New housing construction is the most visible manifestation of those changes. The aim of the current paper is to examine the characteristics of the inhabitants of new suburban settlements in the Tallinn metropolitan area, Estonia. The data are from the Household Panel Survey ( 2004) and New Residential Areas Survey ( 2006). The main results of the study indicate that people younger than 35 who are well educated and earn considerably higher than average incomes have the highest odds of living in the new suburban settlements. Having a child increases the probability of living in the newest suburban houses built in the 2000s.
- Leetmaa, K.; Tammaru, T. (2007), Suburbanization in countries in transition: Destinations of suburbanizers in the Tallinn metropolitan area. Geografiska Annaler Series B-Human Geography, 89B(2), 127-146. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0467.2007.00244.x.
Abstract: Suburbanization is one of the key phenomena of spatial population change in many countries in transition. Yet we know surprisingly little about the population carrying out the post-socialist suburbanization process. The objective of this article is to improve on this situation by studying the Tallinn metropolis in Estonia. Our analysis, which covers the inter-censal period 1989 to 2000, focuses on the differences between population subgroups with respect to their probabilities to move to the suburbs. As such, it also clarifies choices of destination by dwelling and municipality type. For the analysis, we use individual anonymous 2000 census data and logistic regression. The results indicate that suburbanization was a socially polarizing process during this period. People with low social status had the highest probability to sub-urbanize, and mainly occupied the pre-existing housing stock. Conversely, people with high social status were less likely to move into suburban areas, yet when they did they moved to the most attractive destinations in the suburbs (new single-family houses, coastal municipalities and municipalities closer to the city).
Keywords: destinations in suburbs; population subgroups; suburbanization; Tallinn metropolitan area; transition period
- Tammaru, T.; Leetmaa, K. (2007), Suburbanisation in relation to education in the Tallinn metropolitan area. Population, Space and Place, 13(4), 279-292. DOI:10.1002/psp.444.
Abstract: Significant changes occur in the social stratification order and spatial redistribution of population in countries in transition. One of the important dimensions in the changing social stratification order is related to the increased importance of education. Dominance of suburbanisation is an important dimension in spatial population change. The aim of the current article is to study these two important dimensions of social and spatial change by analysing suburbanisation with regard to the level of education of residential migrants in the Tallinn metropolitan area, Estonia. The study is based on census data from the year 2000 and it employs logistic regression to compare suburbanisers with stayers in Tallinn and its suburbs. The main findings indicate that suburbanisation reduces inequalities in the educational composition of people living in Tallinn and its suburbs on the one hand, but increases socio-spatial segregation within the suburbs on the other.
Keywords: social stratification; education; suburbanisation; transition; Estonia.
- Temelová, J. (2007). Flagship developments and the physical upgrading of the post-socialist inner city: the Golden Angel project in Prague. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 89(2), 169-181.
Abstract: Over the past few decades many urban leaders have searched for an appropriate policy response to tackle urban decay. Various kinds of flagship projects emerged in many cities as the products of a property-led approach to the regeneration strategies adopted by local governments in North American and European cities. It was expected that the creation of high-profile milieux would launch chain reactions which would eventually lead to the regeneration of declining neighbourhoods.
The focus of this study lies in the anatomy of physical transformation in an inner city neighbourhood within the context of post-socialist transition. In particular, the paper discusses the flagship role of the Golden Angel commercial centre in the physical upgrading of the Smíchov district in Prague. The case study contributes to the understanding of complex circumstances and mechanisms of revitalization in the post-socialist inner city. The empirical material is based on field observations, expert opinions and existing documents.
The paper shows that a high-profile project can be one of the driving forces in physical revitalization through the provision of symbolic power, credibility and appeal to a declining neighbourhood. At the same time, it is emphasize that physical transformation is a multi-conditional and context-related process rather than an automatic and straightforward outcome of flagship developments. Successful revitalization depends on a favourable constellation of various factors. On the local level, the key factors include the development potential of the location, the attitude of the local authorities and the commitment of all involved actors.
Keywords: physical revitalization; flagship projects; brownfields; inner city; post-socialist transition